What Is Fair Use? Google vs. Oracle Brings Decade-Long Copyright Battle To Supreme Court

KEY POINTS

  • Oral arguments were held before the Supreme Court over the copyright case between Oracle and Google
  • Google stands to pay Oracle nearly $9 billion for 11,000 lines of code in Android software if the court rules in Oracle’s favor
  • Big tech is throwing in behind Google while media and entertainment companies and the Trump administration is backing Oracle

The Supreme Court faces upending the tech industry by determining whether Google stole code from Oracle in building its Android operating system in a case that could redefine the meaning of the fair use doctrine. All eight justices on Wednesday grilled the tech giants’ legal teams as well the U.S. deputy solicitor general in a potentially far-reaching case.

Google said its incorporation of 11,500 lines of Oracle Java code constitutes fair use, while Oracle argued the action violated its ownership rights. The lawsuit has been working its way through the courts for a decade with Oracle claiming it is owed $9 billion for use of its code.

Google attorney Thomas Goldstein said Google used only the parts of the code that could not be changed but had originated the rest. Oracle attorney Joshua Rosenkranz said Google had other options, even if they were more expensive.

“The Copyright Act does not give Google a pass just because it would be expensive to recreate our expression,” Rosenkranz said.

Along with Microsoft, tech companies like Mozilla and IBM threw their support behind Google by arguing tech companies need the freedom to build new programming platforms without worrying about licenses and copyrights.

Several news outlets, entertainment companies and the Trump administration, however, put their weight behind Oracle, arguing these industries rely on the enforcement of strong copyright laws.

“We are told if we agree with Oracle we will ruin the tech industry in the

Copyright Clearance Center Announces Virtual Programming for Frankfurt Book Fair 2020

As a Premium Partner of the Book Fair, CCC Continues to Spotlight Innovation in Global Publishing

Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. (CCC), a leader in advancing copyright, accelerating knowledge, and powering innovation, has once again partnered with The Frankfurt Book Fair to spotlight innovation in global publishing.

“As the Frankfurt Book Fair is virtual this year, we are adapting our programming to resonate with audiences worldwide, celebrating the innovative solutions being developed by the publishing industry,” said Michael Healy, Executive Director, International Relations, CCC. “We look forward to engaging in valuable discussions on key issues and fully supporting the Book Fair’s 2020 motto – Signals of Hope: New Perspectives for a Stronger Future.”

As part of its partnership with the Book Fair, CCC will host interactive panel discussions and presentations by industry experts, including:

COVID-19, Copyright and the Creative Economy
Tuesday, 13 October, 11:00am – 11:30am, EDT, 17:00 CEST

The global pandemic has dramatically accelerated the shift to digital media across the globe. In the virtual environment where distance is now immaterial, humanity has both converged and been scattered. The essential work of publishing – sharing knowledge and enabling expressions – has never been more important.

  • Bodour Al Qasimi, Vice President, International Publisher Association; Founder and CEO, Kalimat Publishing Group

  • Tracey Armstrong, President and CEO, CCC

  • Fathima Dada, Managing Director of Oxford Education, OUP

  • Michael Healy, Executive Director, International Relations, CCC

Where Publishing and the Pandemic Meet
Thursday, 15 October, 11:00am – 12:00pm EDT; 17:00 – 18:00 CEST

When CCC invited senior policy makers, scholarly and society publishers, funders, institutions and researchers to meet in London last year, participants explored how best to advance scholarly research and improve the scientific publishing ecosystem. And while market disruptions, expected and unexpected, are always a factor in scientific publishing, the COVID-19 pandemic quickly became

Google’s smaller rivals say it’s not playing fair after record EU antitrust fine

  • Google’s latest Android “choice screen” auction results show Microsoft’s Bing was the main winner across most major European markets.
  • The process was introduced last year to appease EU regulators following a $5 billion antitrust fine on Google over Android abuses.
  • DuckDuckGo, which now features in just four markets, says the auctions are “fundamentally rigged by Google to benefit Google.”



Sundar Pichai wearing a suit and tie: Sundar Pichai, senior vice president of Android, Chrome and Apps for Google Inc., speaks during the Google I/O Annual Developers Conference in San Francisco, California, U.S., on Wednesday, June 25, 2014.


© Provided by CNBC
Sundar Pichai, senior vice president of Android, Chrome and Apps for Google Inc., speaks during the Google I/O Annual Developers Conference in San Francisco, California, U.S., on Wednesday, June 25, 2014.

LONDON — Google is still engaged in anti-competitive practices in the mobile search market, according to its smaller competitors, who claim a record antitrust fine from the European Union has done little to reduce the tech giant’s dominance.

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The company announced late Monday the results of a quarterly auction to decide the winners of its so-called “choice screen,” which lets Android users in Europe pick their default search engine when setting up their smartphone. The process was introduced last year to appease EU antitrust regulators following their 4.3 billion euro ($5 billion) fine on Google over unfair practices related to its mobile operating system.

Google’s latest auction results show that Microsoft was the main winner across most major European markets, with its Bing search engine coming out on top in the U.K., Germany, France and 10 other countries. Privacy-focused search engine DuckDuckGo, which has previously found success with the bidding process, this time features in just four markets — Bulgaria, Croatia, Iceland and Liechtenstein.

“Despite DuckDuckGo being robustly profitable since 2014, we have been priced out of this auction because we choose to not maximize our profits by exploiting our users,” the company wrote in a blog post.

“In practical terms, this means our

HedgeTrade Introduces Steaks Finance – A Fair Launch DeFi Token with Lasting Power

SINGAPORE, Sept. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ – Active crypto prediction marketplace HedgeTrade launches decentralized exchange and DeFi token for liquidity providers and yield farming earning opportunities.

Steaks Finance by HedgeTrade (CNW Group/HedgeTrade)
Steaks Finance by HedgeTrade (CNW Group/HedgeTrade)

HedgeTrade is pleased to announce a closed-loop DeFi initiative to add new ways to earn tokens in conjunction with its leading crypto social trading platform. 

“Steaks Finance is the realization of everything about DeFi done right — no pre-mine, no investors, and no advisory tokens. Like other DeFi platforms, Steaks is designed to exist in perpetuity on its own, but by integrating with HedgeTrade, we create a closed-loop ecosystem and create a practical application for STEAK tokens,” David Waslen, CEO & Co-Founder of HedgeTrade and Steaks Finance said. “By layering in DeFi models, we will be creating a community-driven ecosystem where you can farm, stake, use, trade, govern, and earn STEAK and HEDG tokens.”

Steaks Finance addresses the need for proper long-term use cases for DeFi tokens — allowing users to do more than provide liquidity and earn a portion of the swap trading fees. With Steaks, users can yield farm STEAK tokens and will eventually yield HedgeTrade commissions as well as vote on how the protocol evolves. Combining these models will make this an unprecedented all-in-one ecosystem.

“With Steaks, HedgeTrade is answering the gaps left by other DeFi initiatives — allowing you to earn beyond farming and trading fees which is by integrating with an already viable platform that allows you to earn both STEAK and HEDG tokens in multiple ways,” Waslen said.

Steaks will distribute future fees from various HedgeTrade business lines into the Steaks platform. For example, commissions generated on HedgeTrade will be distributed to STEAK holders via the Steaks “SteakBar” pool. In that way, the STEAK yield farming will not end, even